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......................................For further queries about Higher Education in USA you are welcome to contact me (Prem Santosh) at: I would be glad to assist in what ever way I can...........................................................Get reviews of the latest Mobile Phones and Computer Games Released......................................

Sunday, December 30, 2007

Happy New Year!!

Wish all you readers and bloggers a very happy and prosperous 2008!!

T-Bone and Razor

Tuesday, December 25, 2007

Half of British Men Would Swap Sex for 50-Inch TV

This one is very interesting .Beleive it or not nearly half of British men surveyed would give up sex for six months in return for a 50-inch plasma TV, a survey perhaps unsurprisingly carried out for a firm selling televisions .Electrical retailer Comet surveyed 2,000 Britons, asking them what they would give up for a large television, one of the latest consumer "must-haves."
The firm found 47 percent of men would give up sex for half a year, compared to just over a third of women.According to the firm it seems that size really does matter more for men than women.
A quarter of people said they would give up smoking, with roughly the same proportion willing to give up chocolate.Crazy Britishers...!!!

Saturday, December 22, 2007

Boost your internet speed by 200%

To download the software click on the title above.

Hi guys..imagine your internet speed faster by 200%.Ya might think i'm crazy but then hard to believe it ,its true and i mean a whooping 200%.Cool isn't it .Well any ideas of doing so then go and click on the link above and experience tha amazing speed of your internet.

Thursday, December 13, 2007

Increase Your MMC (MultiMediaCard) Space

Your files in MMC are stored in multiple (disk) blocks.So if you format using 16K block, the space used will be 16K eventhough your file is just 1K.If you buy MMC, it is usually preformatted with 16K block. Therefore alot of space is wasted as most installed program files are usually less than 2K.You will need a card reader to do this:-
1. Connect card reader and copy all your files in the MMC to computer disk. (Make sure you set the show all/hidden/os files to "on")

2. Do a format of the MMC using command line "format" and use the /A=size option.Alternative, you can use the Disk Management in Adminstrative Tools to format. Make sure you select FAT. For 256MB MMC, smallest block you can use is 4K, 128MB is 2K, 64Mb is 1K and 32MB is 512B.(Note: You cannot use the phone "format MMC" to do this as the format just clear the allocation table and does not change the block size)

3. Copy back all files to MMC.Now you will find that you will have more space.256mb MMC got back 30+ mbs

Use your USB device to LOCK your PC

Wanna know how to lock your computer just by removing the USB stick connected to it..??

This trick will boot lock your PC, which can't be started without the USB stick which contains the boot files. In short, you can use your USB stick as a key.

Caution: You will be playing with the boot files and the BIOS settings of your computer, I recommend you to do two things before attempting this trick.
1. Have a windows recovery disc.
2. Create a system restore point.

Here are the steps:

1. Unhide all the files which are hidden and protected by going into any folder->click tools->folder options->view->show all hidden files and also un-check the hide protected system files.

2. Go to the drive in which windows is installed. (Generally its c:\) Search for the files
then copy all these files onto your USB stick.

3. Now restart the computer, press 'del' or in come cases 'F8' to enter the BIOS setup. Now once in BIOS enable USB device as your first boot device. Save the changes and reboot the system.

4. Now if all is fine you will be able to log into windows. (If not, goto the BIOS again and change the first boot device to hard disc). Once you are into windows rename the boot.ini file to boot.bak

5. Remove the USB stick and restart the system. Your will get error messages saying invalid boot.ini or windows could not start.

6. Now try plugging in your USB disc and restart. Volla!!

P.S In case anyone has any difficulty or query please leave a comment with your mail id and i'll get back to you in a days time.

Tuesday, December 11, 2007

Hack Mobile Phones!!

How to hack mobile or cell phone.Frnds here is a bluetooth hacking software ,using bluetooth hacking software u can hack any mobile or cell phones this software is the latest version Bluetooth Hack v 1.07.
Advantages of this software.
Once if ur connected to another phone via bluetooth:-
  • u can read messages
  • u can read contacts
  • u can change profile
  • u can also play ringtones even his/her phone is in silent
  • u can play his songs from mobile
  • u can restart mobile
  • u can switch off mobile
  • u can restore factory setings
  • u can also change ringing volume of mobile
  • the best part of it is u can call from his mobile which also includes all call functions like hold on etc etc...

This software is very much suitable for sony ericcsson mobiles.If u like it replies are always welcome.

Monday, December 10, 2007

Google can locate you even without GPS

Google maps for mobile now feature 'My Location' Technology ,which lets mobile phones users to know where they are on a map , even if they don't have a GPS - enabled phone .The version 2.0 of Goohle maps for mobile uses information broadcast from cell towers to help users determine where they are ,whats around them and how to get there.
The My Location technology is available on most smartphones,including all colour BlackBerry devices ,all Symbian series 60 3rd edition devices,most windows mobile devices,newer Sony Ericsson devices and some Motorola devices.It delivers a location estimate faster than GPS,provides coverage inside buildings(where GPS signals can be unreliable) and doesn't drain phone batteries as quickly as GPS

Saturday, December 8, 2007

Pop Banner when Windows Starts

If you want to display any kind of message to the user before he enters windows desktop, here's what you have to do:

Goto start->run and type regedit

This will open the registry editior.

Create a new string value in the right pane called LegalNoticeCaption and enter the value you want to see. Create another string and name it LegalNoticeText. Edit the value to display what you want. (NOTE: In most cases these string values will already be there so you only have to edit the values)
Restart your computer.

Friday, December 7, 2007

Microsoft/Yahoo merger won’t dethrone Google

A Microsoft/Yahoo merger would pose some new challenges for Google, but it will take more than Microsoft’s proposed $44,6bn acquisition of Yahoo to knock the king of search off its throne. Google’s search market share was 58,4% in December, while Yahoo and Microsoft combined for almost 33% of the market, says Allen Weiner, Gartner’s lead Google analyst. Yahoo holds 22,9% and Microsoft 9,8% of the market, he says.
"It has not been Microsoft’s stated mission, but under its breath Microsoft has always wanted to take on Google," Weiner says.
But there is no reason to think Google’s market share domination will change, even in the face of the combined might of Microsoft and Yahoo, he says. "This is no cause for alarm for Google. It came into this business with no market share. Yahoo was in business before it, Microsoft was in business before it, so obviously it has done things right to become the market leader in search and search advertising."
Microsoft’s $44.6bn offer might actually benefit the smaller search players and AOL, both of which can claim to be solid alternatives at a time when the futures of Microsoft and Google are somewhat up in the air. "During say, the first quarter of this year, I think that there is a window of opportunity for both AOL and Ask to get some dollars," Weiner contends. Microsoft’s bid comes in the same week as Yahoo stock hit its lowest point in a year, and Yahoo confirmed plans to lay off 1000 employees.
Despite Yahoo’s troubles, Microsoft and Yahoo together would have some unique capabilities that might pose a challenge to Google, says Jennifer Simpson, a Yankee Group analyst. While search, Google’s key strength, remains a vital part of how we interact with the Internet, search won’t necessarily be the "be-all and end-all" going forward, she says.
To deliver targeted advertising most effectively, companies such as Google, Microsoft and Yahoo have to look beyond search to things like social networks and other online forums that will provide a more holistic understanding of online behaviour, she adds.
E-mail is one area that can help companies to understand users, and Yahoo and Microsoft both have more e-mail users than Google, she says. Moreover, Yahoo is fostering social networks with Yahoo 360 and Yahoo Answers, while Microsoft has a Facebook alternative called Windows Live Spaces.
"I don’t know if Google has a holistic understanding of new behaviours going on online, and the concept and formation of groups," Simpson says.
While Microsoft and Yahoo together will be a more formidable competitor to Google than the companies alone, Weiner says we won’t be able to measure the real impact on Google until joint Microsoft/Yahoo products are announced.
Obvious questions include: What happens to Windows Live Search?; Will all consumer products be delivered through Yahoo?; and: Will the companies deliver a combined product?
Most importantly, Weiner thinks a Microsoft/Yahoo venture needs a strong leader. Microsoft CEO, Steve Ballmer, probably would not be the guy, because he doesn’t seem to be "the main influencer in the media portion of their business," Weiner says.
A Microsoft/Yahoo company "would have an enormous global footprint that needs to have a leader that will reflect that," he concludes.

Microsoft Would Borrow To Fund Yahoo Acquisition, CFO Says

In a sign of just how badly Microsoft (NSDQ: MSFT) wants Yahoo (NSDQ: YHOO), the software maker's CFO said Monday that the company would borrow cash for the first time to fund its proposed $44.6 billion acquisition of its Internet rival. Microsoft had previously said it would use a mix of stock and cash to purchase Yahoo.
CFO Chris Liddell on Monday said the cash portion of the deal would be more than $20 billion. He added that Microsoft could cover that amount with existing cash, but would prefer to use external funding for a portion of it. "We could fund most of that through our cash holdings, but it's likely we're actually going to borrow for the first time. It will be a mixture of the cash on hand, plus debt," Liddell, speaking to a group of financial analysts, said of Microsoft's Yahoo bid. Liddell didn't say how much external financing Microsoft would seek.

Liddell's disclosure shouldn't be too surprising. Microsoft had about $21.1 billion in cash and cash equivalents at the end of its most recent quarter. So the company, in the absence of turning to the capital markets, would have to use virtually all its cash -- plus more than $20 billion in stock to buy out Yahoo.
Microsoft's cash reserves took a hit last year when the company completed its $6 billion acquisition of digital advertising agency aQuantive. The deal, which closed in August, was an all-cash transaction. Microsoft's offer values Yahoo at $31 per share, which represents a 62% premium over Yahoo's closing stock price the day before Microsoft's announcement Friday that it intends to purchase the company.
Microsoft's willingness to go into hock to acquire Yahoo is an indication of the strategic importance it places on the deal as it seeks to catch Google in the Web search and advertising markets. "We're trying to increase scale and increase capacity to give ourselves a better chance to be more successful more quickly," Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer said at Monday's analyst meeting.
Yahoo has said it is considering Microsoft's offer, but it has yet to respond formally.
Also at the analysts meeting, Liddell declined to say whether Microsoft was already buying up Yahoo stock on the open market in an effort to exert greater control over the company's board. "No comment," Liddell said in response to a question on the subject.

Thursday, December 6, 2007

Please leave ur comments for god's sake!!

Guys, when u visit this blog its very important that u people leave your comments. Its a question of our survival among the blogging community. And very importantly we request you all to suggest ways in which we can improve our blog.Please also inform your friends about this blog.We will be updating our blog on a regular basis...

Thursday, November 29, 2007

Sony Ericsson K850i

The new Sony Ericsson K850i comes with an improved version of cmos camera so it's quite hard to take a bad picture with it. The multi-shot capability allows you to take 9 pics at a time and allows you to store the best one. Improve underexposed pictures instantly with Photo fix. You can enjoy your photos on the scratch-proof glass-protected screen or share - send your pictures to your blog for all to see. With an automatic lens cover, auto focus for no-hassle sharpness and a xenon flash for poor light conditions you have all the functions you need for perfect shots. The other features of this phone are comparable to the k790i.

Sunday, November 25, 2007

Splinter Cell: Conviction

Splinter Cell conviction is the next big Ubisoft release this year in the first quarter. The graphics here are mind blowing. The adventures of Sam Fisher continue in the fifth entry of the stealth-based series. In this game, all of the rules have changed, as the storyline takes a dramatic turn that will reinvent the Splinter Cell franchise forever. Fisher can no longer rely on his trusted bag of tools and iconic goggles. He's gone beyond being a double agent. Now he's a fully fledged fugitive without the intel of 3rd Echelon or the support of his friends. This time around, Fisher is going to need more than just a dark corner to survive... Experience original game play based on improvisation where your environment becomes your weapon. You need to react to changing situations and use the environment and the crowds around you to create diversions and deter your enemies. To check them out and for more details click the title above.

Thursday, November 22, 2007

Alan Wake

A third person shooting game, bit like max payne.Fill the shoes of one Alan Wake, a man who makes his living from the terror of others as a best-selling suspense novelist. Trapped in the deceptively peaceful Washington town of Bright Falls, where he came to escape the trauma of losing his fiancée, Alan must piece together a mystery to prevent himself from being trapped inside a nightmarish world forever. An intense psychological thriller from Remedy, the creators of Max Payne, Alan Wake looks to raise the bar for future games, creating a true cinematic experience. Explore an expansive world filled with missions, unique puzzles, intense combat, and horrifying enemies. Dig into a twisting and multi-layered story filled with suspense, engaging characters, and shocking revelations.Check out the link for more details by clicking on the title.

Wednesday, November 21, 2007


Crysis is visually stunning, packed with intelligent, thrilling first person shooting gameplay, and easily one of the greatest shooters ever made. EA have once again shown people who's the boss when it comes to developing graphics in PC gaming. People who have not yet played this game, it'll be like a big time treat for you guys. The best part of the game (apart from the weapons and 2020 technology) is the graphics of the ambiance. Reflection in the water has become very common in directx 9 but ripples and splashing have not as it has been in this game. Game has been rated 9.5/10 by

Saturday, November 17, 2007

Sony Ericsson K530i in Red For Chinese New Year

Sony Ericsson decided to redo the K530i in red for Chinese New Year in Taiwan along with the Warm Silver and Thunder Black. Additional features include: 2mpx camera, Access NetFront browser, RSS support, USB, FM radio, and Bluetooth, Screen: 176×220 pixel, 262,144-colour TFT, Memory Stick Micro support (up to 2 GB); 16 MB internal memory, 2.5x digital zoom, picture blogging, video recording, A2DP support, Media Player, Music Tones, PlayNow, TrackID, Speakerphone. The K530i is now available exclusively in Taiwan for $273.

Google's New Smart Fone

Ever since Gizmodo snapped photos of supposed Google-powered mobile phones, speculations abound regarding their debut. The pic above is an HTC (a Taiwanese company) manufactured Google Android smartphone prototype. It's a hair's width away from being hideous but people are pumped up for an early 2008 release. There have been talks of a Mobile World Congress release in Barcelona on February 11, 2008. It's not too long until the Congress, folks. We'll all have to be holding our breath until then.

Thursday, November 15, 2007

Hottest Releases in Jan-2008

Samsung SGH-F250

General Features:

Phone typeTriband
NetworksGSM 900, GSM 1800, GSM 1900
Connectivity optionsEDGE, GPRS, WAP, Java, Bluetooth, USB
Weight w/battery96 g
Battery type(s) supportedRechargeable 1,200mAh battery
Additional functionsPictBridge; organizer; picture editing; voice memo; offline mode; email

This is the usual GSM Triband phone cooked by samsung. As one can see this is a slider model with a metallic finish which makes it look classic and posh. It has a TFT screen with a resolution of 128 x 160-pixel. The internal built in memory is 20MB and has external compatibility of TransFlash / microSD. The con of this phone is that it has a 1.3 mega pixel cmos digital camera which is quite obsolete compared to the Nokia N-73 (3.2 mega pixel) or Nokia N-95 (5.1 mega pixel). Other than this the performance of the phone has not yet been rated by the user cause it has not yet been released in India.

Sunday, November 11, 2007

What is Deja Vu?

Have you ever visited a place or seen someone for the first time and had a very familiar feeling about the same? Or maybe you're deep in conversation with a friend and you suddenly get the feeling that you've had the exact conversation before, even though you know that you haven't. If you've ever found yourself in either of these situations, you've experienced déjà vu. Sixty to 70 percent of us admit to getting this feeling at least once in our lives. The sight, sound, taste or even smell of something makes us think that we've experienced it before, although we know that we couldn't have.
Wonder what could cause it? Well there are plenty of theories to explain it, it is upto to you to choose which one to believe.
Visit here for more information:

Tuesday, November 6, 2007

Know your Santa Claus better

Santa claus who is also known as Saint Nicholas, Father Christmas, Kris Kringle lives in a village near the Arctic Circle called Rovaniemi in Finland. The legend may have its basis in various tales concerning the historical figure of Saint Claus but the modern Santa is believed to be a fat jolly man wearing a red overcoat and carrying a bag full of presents for the kinds.
A legend associated with Santa says that he lives in the far north, in a land full of snow. The American version of Santa Claus lives at the North Pole, while Father Christmas is said to reside in Finland. Also it says he is married and lives with Mrs. Claus, that he makes a list of children throughout the world, categorizing them according to their behavior and delivers presents, including toys, candy, and other presents to all of the good boys and girls in the world, and sometimes coal or sticks to the naughty children, in one night. He also accomplishes this feat with the aid of magical elves who make the toys, and nine flying reindeer who pull his sleigh.

Wondered where did "Jingle all the way" come from? :D

Monday, November 5, 2007

USB Stick as a Car Key

Automakers are all set to embrace the universal serial bus(USB) technology for in-car entertainment and control.During the recent auto show in frankfurt,germany,Mazda Motor unveiled its two - door 'SASSOU' car that , instead of a key ,uses a USB memory stick to lock as well as unlock the car and start up the motor ,as well as inform the on-board hard disk about your preferred and latest music tunes

Monday, October 29, 2007

20 Things the Average Person Doesn’t Know About Windows XP

1. It boasts how long it can stay up. Go to the Command Prompt in the Accessories menu from the All Programs start button option, and then type ’systeminfo’. The computer will produce a lot of useful info, including the uptime. If you want to keep these, type ’systeminfo > info.txt’. This creates a file called info.txt you can look at later with Notepad. (Professional Edition only).

2. You can delete files immediately, without having them move to the Recycle Bin first. Go to the Start menu, select Run… and type ‘gpedit.msc’; then select User Configuration, Administrative Templates, Windows Components, Windows Explorer and find the Do not move deleted files to the Recycle Bin setting. Set it. Poking around in gpedit will reveal a great many interface and system options, but take care — some may stop your computer behaving as you wish. (Professional Edition only).

3. You can lock your XP workstation with two clicks of the mouse. Create a new shortcut on your desktop using a right mouse click, and enter ‘rundll32.exe user32.dll,LockWorkStation’ in the location field. Give the shortcut a name you like. That’s it — just double click on it and your computer will be locked. And if that’s not easy enough, Windows key + L will do the same.

4. XP hides some system software you might want to remove, such as Windows Messenger, but you can make it show everything. Using Notepad or Edit, edit the text file /windows/inf/sysoc.inf, search for the word ‘hide’ and remove it. You can then go to the Add or Remove Programs in the Control Panel, select Add/Remove Windows Components and there will be the software and you can now uninstall it.

5. For those skilled in the art of DOS batch files, XP has a number of interesting new commands. These include ‘eventcreate’ and ‘eventtriggers’ for creating and watching system events, ‘typeperf’ for monitoring performance of various subsystems, and ’schtasks’ for handling scheduled tasks. As usual, typing the command name followed by /? will give a list of options.

6. XP has IP version 6 support — the next generation of IP. Unfortunately this is more than your ISP has, so you can only experiment with this on your LAN. Type ‘ipv6 install’ into Run… (it’s OK, it won’t ruin your existing network setup) and then ‘ipv6 /?’ at the command line to find out more. If you don’t know what IPv6 is, don’t worry.

7. You can at last get rid of tasks on the computer from the command line by using ‘taskkill /pid’ and the task number, or just ‘tskill’ and the process number. Find that out by typing ‘tasklist’, which will also tell you a lot about what’s going on in your system.

8. XP will treat Zip files like folders, which is nice if you’ve got a fast machine. On slower machines, you can make XP leave zip files alone by typing ‘regsvr32 /u zipfldr.dll’ at the command line. If you change your mind later, you can change things back by typing ‘regsvr32 zipfldr.dll’.

9. XP has ClearType — Microsoft’s anti-aliasing font display technology — but doesn’t have it enabled by default. It’s well worth trying, especially if you were there for DOS and all those years of staring at a screen have given you the eyes of an astigmatic bat. To enable ClearType, right click on the desktop, select Properties, Appearance, Effects, select ClearType from the second drop-down menu and enable the selection. Expect best results on laptop displays. If you want to use ClearType on the Welcome login screen as well, set the registry entry HKEY_USERS/.DEFAULT/Control Panel/Desktop/FontSmoothingType to 2.

10. You can use Remote Assistance to help a friend who’s using network address translation (NAT) on a home network, but not automatically. Get your pal to email you a Remote Assistance invitation and edit the file. Under the RCTICKET attribute will be a NAT IP address, like Replace this with your friend’s real IP address — they can find this out by going to — and get them to make sure that they’ve got port 3389 open on their firewall and forwarded to the errant computer.

11. You can run a program as a different user without logging out and back in again. Right click the icon, select Run As… and enter the user name and password you want to use. This only applies for that run. The trick is particularly useful if you need to have administrative permissions to install a program, which many require. Note that you can have some fun by running programs multiple times on the same system as different users, but this can have unforeseen effects.

12. Windows XP can be very insistent about you checking for auto updates, registering a Passport, using Windows Messenger and so on. After a while, the nagging goes away, but if you feel you might go insane before that point, run Regedit, go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/Windows/Current Version/Explorer/Advanced and create a DWORD value called EnableBalloonTips with a value of 0.

13. You can start up without needing to enter a user name or password. Select Run… from the start menu and type ‘control userpasswords2′, which will open the user accounts application. On the Users tab, clear the box for Users Must Enter A User Name And Password To Use This Computer, and click on OK. An Automatically Log On dialog box will appear; enter the user name and password for the account you want to use.

14. Internet Explorer 6 will automatically delete temporary files, but only if you tell it to. Start the browser, select Tools / Internet Options… and Advanced, go down to the Security area and check the box to Empty Temporary Internet Files folder when browser is closed.

15. XP comes with a free Network Activity Light, just in case you can’t see the LEDs twinkle on your network card. Right click on My Network Places on the desktop, then select Properties. Right click on the description for your LAN or dial-up connection, select Properties, then check the Show icon in notification area when connected box. You’ll now see a tiny network icon on the right of your task bar that glimmers nicely during network traffic.

16. The Start Menu can be leisurely when it decides to appear, but you can speed things along by changing the registry entry HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Control Panel/Desktop/MenuShowDelay from the default 400 to something a little snappier. Like 0.

17. You can rename loads of files at once in Windows Explorer. Highlight a set of files in a window, then right click on one and rename it. All the other files will be renamed to that name, with individual numbers in brackets to distinguish them. Also, in a folder you can arrange icons in alphabetised groups by View, Arrange Icon By… Show In Groups.

18. Windows Media Player will display the cover art for albums as it plays the tracks — if it found the picture on the Internet when you copied the tracks from the CD. If it didn’t, or if you have lots of pre-WMP music files, you can put your own copy of the cover art in the same directory as the tracks. Just call it folder.jpg and Windows Media Player will pick it up and display it.

19. Windows key + Break brings up the System Properties dialogue box; Windows key + D brings up the desktop; Windows key + Tab moves through the taskbar buttons.

20. Windows XP secretly KNOWS that the average user has no idea what they are doing. Therefore, it doesn’t let you do really stupid things like deleting the windows directory (at least not without spending several hours convincing it that you REALLY want to do this). Oh yeah, and internet explorer kinda sucks, get Firefox.

Sunday, October 28, 2007

Cell Phones No Cancer Risk - Study Says!!

A new Australian study refutes claims of health danger from cell phones and coffee.Drinking coffee, using mobile phones or having breast implants is unlikely to cause cancer, according to a risk ranking system devised by an Australian cancer specialist to debunk popular myths.
The cancer risk assessment reaffirms smoking, alcohol and exposure to sunlight as leading risk factors, but allays concerns about coffee, mobile phones, deodorants, breast implants and water with added fluoride.
The five-point system created by University of New South Wales Professor Bernard Stewart lists the risk of cancer from proven and likely, to inferred, unknown or unlikely.
"Our tool will help establish if the level of risk is high, say on a par with smoking, or unlikely such as using deodorants, artificial sweeteners, drinking coffee," Stewart said.
He found active smokers and ex-smokers to be the most at risk, although the risk is reduced for people who quit smoking.
Drinking alcohol was also a high risk factor, particularly for people who also smoke, although Stewart said no specific type of alcoholic drink was most strongly to blame.Drinking chlorinated water and using a mobile phone was far less likely to cause cancer, Stewart said, although the risks associated with the long-term use of mobile phones had not been fully established.He said there little risk from drinking coffee, using deodorants, drinking fluoridated water and having breast implants or dental fillings.

Thursday, October 25, 2007

KNOL - Google's answer to WIKIPEDIA

Last night on the official Google blog, Udi Manber, vice president of engineering, announced that Google is testing a publishing platform called Knol.
It's being compared to
Wikipedia and Mahalo. While it's a somewhat different take on knowledge collection, these comparisons are apt.
From what we know so far, Knol is a wiki-like platform. Authors can create topics, and there are tools to interlink articles and content, but as Manber says, an article, or "knol," is "just a Web page." Where it differs from a wiki is its focus on the author. All knols will highlight who wrote them.

Knol should make it easy to create nicely formatted reference pages.That small difference becomes dramatic when you put Knol alongside Wikipedia. Wikipedia is a collaborative system. There is no author listed on a wiki page because a page may have many authors (if you want to, you can divine who said what on the history pages).
Since Knol pages will be authored, users won't, presumably, be able to dive in and edit another page. They'll be able to submit edits to the author for approval, though. So much for open collaboration. But as a platform for authors who might want to make some money from their work, it's a better bet (Knol will allow authors to monetize their pages as they see fit).
Purists may think that since Google is in the business of monetizing content via advertising, it should not compete with other publishing platforms. However, this is not the first time that Google has gotten into this business.
Blogger, of course, is Google's biggest success in text-publishing platforms. But Google also experimented with its own database, Google Base, in which it not only indexes the information but also stores it. And then there's YouTube.
I would compare Knol to Blogger, and eventually, I think it will have
Digg-like elements. Knol is like Blogger because it's a personal publishing platform. It's all about giving authors a platform for writing. It's just a like a blog, but much more structured. If you like a Knoller, you'll likely want to read more written by that person, or even subscribe to his work.
It could become Digg-like, in that multiple Knol pages on the same topic will compete with each other. And while the Manber's post hinted that the arbiter of Knol quality will be Google search rankings, I cannot imagine that there won't, at some point, be both a social network of Knol users and a main page that ranks the most popular Knol pages by votes, page views, discussion flow, or other group metrics.
At this point, based only on the official blog post, Knol looks like a solid end-user publishing platform. I strongly doubt that it will put much of a hurt on Wikipedia, since its author focus makes it much the antithesis of the open, community-driven wiki model. Knol looks more like a Google version of, Mahalo, or Squidoo.
No word on when--or if--Knol will be released to the public.

Wednesday, October 24, 2007

BIOS Password Hack

A lotta of you guys out there will already be knowing how to reset a BIOS password if activated in a computer. But what I am about to teach you here is a new way to do it which very few people know. For those who don't know what BIOS is, here it is in short:
BIOS - Basic Input Output System whose settings are stored in your motherboard. The most general stuff you can find there is the system time, date, boot options etc. If you want to have more idea about BIOS goto:

Basically if a BIOS password is enabled one cannot do anything with the computer if the password is not known. There are a number of ways one can reset it.

1. If you open the cabinet of your PC you will find a small cmos battery which stores all the data even if the computer is turned off. (This is how your system time, date does not reset each time you restart your computer) If you take the battery out for about fifteen minutes and place it back in, all the setting stored previously will be reset. So most probably your BIOS password will reset. This works for most the AWARD BIOS.

2. The BIOS generally has a some preset passwords. Some of the most common BIOS passwords are:


P.S For more default BIOS passwords from any manufacturer, just leave a comment and the name of the manufacturer. I will get back to you in a couple of days' time.

3. This is one of the best ways to reset the BIOS, but the only flaw in this is that you should be able to access the DOS prompt. If you are able to, then type the following there:
DEBUG (hit enter)
-o 70 2e (hit enter)
-o 71 ff (hit enter)
-q (hit enter)
exit (hit enter)

Restart the computer.

Saturday, October 20, 2007


Please read this article by giving 10 minutes from your busy life. Really good.... ** * * The President of India Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam's Speech in Hyderabad . * Why is the media here so negative? Why are we in India so embarrassed to recognize our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why? We are the first in milk production. We are number one in Remote sensing satellites. We are the second largest producer of wheat. We are the second largest producer of rice. Look at Dr. Sudarshan, he has transferred the tribal village into a self-sustaining, self-driving unit. There are millions of such achievements but our media is only obsessed in >the bad news and failures and disasters. I was in Tel Aviv once and I was reading the Israeli newspaper. It was the day after a lot of attacks and bombardments and deaths had taken place. The Hamas had struck. However, the front page of the newspaper had the picture of a Jewish gentleman who in five years had transformed his desert into an orchid and a granary. It was this inspiring picture that everyone woke up to. The gory details of killings, bombardments, deaths, were inside in the newspaper, buried among other news. In India, we only read about death, sickness, terrorism, crime. Why are we so NEGATIVE? Another question: Why are we, as a nation so obsessed with foreign things? We want foreign T. Vs, we want foreign shirts. We want foreign technology. Why this obsession with everything imported. Do we not realize that self-respect comes with self-reliance? I was in Hyderabad giving this >lecture, when a 14 year old girl asked me for my autograph. I asked her what her goal in life is. She replied: I want to live in a developed India. For her, you and I will have to build this developed India. You must proclaim. India is not an under-developed nation; it is a highly developed nation. Do you have 10 minutes? Allow me to come back with a vengeance. Got 10 minutes for your country? If yes, then read; otherwise, choice is yours. YOU say that our government is inefficient. YOU say that our laws are too old. YOU say that the municipality does not pick up the garbage. YOU say that the phones do not work, the railways are a joke, the airline is the worst in the world and mails never reach their destination. YOU say that our country has been fed to the dogs and is the absolute pits. YOU say, say, and say. What do YOU do about it? Take a person on his way to Singapore. Give him a name - >YOURS. Give him a face - YOURS. YOU walk out of the airport and you are at your International best. In Singapore, you do not throw cigarette butts on the roads or eat in the stores. YOU are as proud of their Underground links as they are. You pay $5 (approx. Rs 60) to drive through Orchard Road (equivalent of Mahim Causeway or Pedder Road) between 5 PM and 8 PM. YOU come back to the parking lot to punch your parking ticket if you have over stayed in a restaurant or a shopping mall irrespective of your status identity... In Singapore, you do not say anything, DO YOU? YOU would not dare to eat in public during Ramadan, in Dubai. YOU would not dare to go out without your head covered in Jeddah. YOU would not dare to buy an employee of the telephone exchange in London at 10 pounds (Rs.650) a month to, 'see to it that my STD and ISD calls are billed to someone else. YOU would not dare to speed beyond 55 mph (88 km/h) in Washington and then tell the traffic cop “Jaanta hai main kaun hoon (Do you know who I am?)”. I am so and so's son. Take your two bucks and get lost.' YOU wouldn't chuck an empty coconut shell anywhere other than the garbage pail on the beaches in Australia and New Zealand .Why don't YOU spit Paan on the streets of Tokyo ? Why don't YOU use examination jockeys or buy fake certificates in Boston??? We are still talking of the same YOU. YOU who can respect and conform to a foreign system in other countries but cannot in your own. You who will throw papers and cigarettes on the road the moment you touch Indian ground. If you can be an involved and appreciative citizen in an alien country, why cannot you be the same here in India? Once in an interview, the famous Ex-municipal commissioner of Bombay, Mr. Tinaikar, had a point to make. 'Rich people's dogs are walked on the streets to leave their affluent droppings all over the place,' he said. 'And then the same people turn around to criticize and blame the authorities for inefficiency and dirty pavements. What do they expect the officers to do? Go down with a broom every time their dog feels the pressure in his bowels? In America, every dog owner has to clean up after his pet has done the job. Same in Japan. Will the Indian citizen do that here?' He's right. We go to the polls to choose a government and after that forfeit all responsibility. We sit back wanting to be pampered and expect the government to do everything for us whilst our contribution is totally negative. We expect the government to clean up but we are not going to stop chucking garbage allover the place nor are we going to stop to pick a up a stray piece of paper and throw it in the bin. We expect the railways to provide clean >bathrooms but we are not going to learn the proper use of bathrooms. We want Indian Airlines and Air India to provide the best of food and toiletries but we are not going to stop pilfering at the least opportunity. This applies even to the staffs that are known not to pass on the service to the public. When it comes to burning social issues like those related to women, dowry, girl child! And others, we make loud drawing room protestations and continue to do the reverse at home. Our excuse? 'It's the whole system which has to change, how will it matter if I alone forego my sons' rights to a dowry.' So who is going to change the system? What does a system consist of? Very conveniently, for us it consists of our neighbours, other households, other cities, other communities and the government. But definitely not me and YOU. When it comes to us actually making a positive contribution to the system >we lock ourselves along with our families into a safe cocoon and look into the distance at countries far away and wait for a Mr. Clean to come along & work miracles for us with a majestic sweep of his hand or we leave the country and run away. Like lazy cowards hounded by our fears we run to America to bask in their glory and praise their system. When New York becomes insecure, we run to England. When England experiences unemployment, we take the next flight out to the Gulf. When the Gulf is war struck, we demand to be rescued and brought home by the Indian government. Everybody is out to abuse and rape the country. Nobody thinks of feeding the system. Our conscience is mortgaged to money. Dear Indians, The article is highly thought inductive, calls for a great deal of introspection and pricks one's conscience too.... I am echoing J. F. Kennedy’s words to his fellow Americans to relate to >Indians..... 'ASK WHAT WE CAN DO FOR INDIA AND DO WHAT HAS TO BE DONE TO MAKE INDIA WHAT AMERICA AND OTHER WESTERN COUNTRIES ARE TODAY' Lets do what India needs from us

Wednesday, October 17, 2007

Top B-Schools of India

The parameters on which B-schools are judged and ranked, keeping in mind what each offers the student and how these facilitate education are:

Placement records of the last three years
Infrastructure: school and learning environment
Geographical location: proximity of B-schools to business hubs
Entrance exams applicable
Interaction with alumni

Cluster 1

Indian Institute of Management (IIM-A)
Indian Institute of Management (IIM-B)
Indian Institute of Management (IIM-C)
Indian School of Business (ISB)
Indian Institute of Management (IIM-L)
Xavier Labour Research Institute (XLRI)

Cluster 2

Indian Institute of Management (IIM-I)
Indian Institute of Management (IIM-K)
IIM-A Agri Business Management (ABM)
IIM-L Agri Business Management (ABM)
Faculty of Management Studies (FMS) - MBA & MBA - MS, Delhi University
New Delhi
SP Jain Institute of Management & Research (SPJIMR)
Management Development Institute (MDI)
National Institue of Industrial Engineering (NITIE)
Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT)
New Delhi
Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies (JBIMS)
Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS)
Institute of Rural Management (IRMA)
Anand (Gujarat)
Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad (MICA)

Cluster 3

Indian Institute of Technology - Shailesh J. Mehta School of Management
Indian Institute of Technology - Department of Management Studies
New Delhi
Great Lakes Institute of Management (GLIM)
Institute of Management Technology (IMT)
Symbiosis Centre for Management and HRD (SCMHRD)
Symbiosis Institute of Business Management (SIBM)
TA Pai Management Institute (TAPMI)
International Management Institute (IMI)
Xavier Institute of Management (XIM)
Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS)
Goa Institute of Management (GIM)

Cluster 4

Symbiosis Institute of International Business (SIIB)
Indian Institute of Technology - Vinod Gupta School of Management
Indian Institute of Technology - Department of Management Studies
University Business School (UBS)
Sydenham College of Commerce & Economics
Welingkar Institute of Management
K.J.Somaiya Institute of Management Studies & Research (SIMSR)
ICFAI Business School
Indian Institute of Technology - Department of Management Studies
Bharathidasan Institute of Management (BIM), Tiruchirapally
Tamil Nadu

Cluster 5

FORE School of Management
New Delhi
Nirma University - Institute of Management
Master of Finance & Control (MFC),University of Delhi (South Campus)
Indian Institute of Technology - Department of Management Studies
Master of Business Economics (MBE), Department of Business Economics, University of Delhi
ICFAI Business School
Loyola Institute of Business Administration (LIBA)
Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management (LBS)
Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM)

Cluster 6

Amity Business School
Institute of Technology & Management (ITM)
Navi Mumbai
Symbiosis Institute of Management Studies (SIMS) (For Defense Personnel & their dependents)
Alliance Business Academy (ABA)
ICFAI Business School
Other Campuses
Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management (IISWBM)
Chetana's Ram Prasad Khandelwal Institute of Management & Research
NL Dalmiya Institute of Management Studies and Research
Xavier Institute of Social Service (XISS)
Birla Institute of Management Technology (BIM Tech)
Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication (SIMC)
Institute of Financial Management & Research (IFMR)

Cluster 7

Shri Ram College of Commerce, University of Delhi, Global Business Operations (SRCC GBO)
Masters in International Business (MIB) Department of Commerce, Delhi School of Economics
Master of Human Resource and Organisational Development (MHROD) Department of Commerce, Delhi School of Economics
Institute of Technology & Management (ITM)
Bangalore, Chsennai, Hyderabad, Warangal
Jaipuria Institute of Management
Faculty of Management Studies, Banaras Hindu University (FMS BHU)
Army Institute of Management (AIM)
Xavier Institute of Management & Entrepreneurship (XIME)

Cluster 8

New Delhi of Institute of Management (NDIM)
New Delhi
Institute for Integrated Learning in Management (IILM)
New Delhi
Jagan Institute of Management Studies (JIMS)
Globsyn Business School (GBS)
Asia Pacific Institute of Management (APIM)
New Delhi
Entrepreneurship & Management Processes International (EMPI)
New Delhi

Monday, October 15, 2007

Direct to Home(DTH)

Direct-to-Home (DTH) satellite television is becoming a buzzword in the satellite broadcast industry due to the fact that DTH offers immense opportunities to both broadcasters and viewers. Thanks to the rapid development of digital technology, DTH broadcast operators worldwide have been able to introduce a large number of new interactive applications in the television market besides a large number of entertainment programmes over a single delivery platform. In addition, since digital technology permits a highly efficient exploitation of the frequency spectrum, the number of TV channels that can be broadcast using digital technology is significantly higher than with analogue technology. The increased number of television channels allows the operator to satisfy the demand of a number of niche markets with dedicated transmissions.
In general, DTH service is the one in which a large number of channels are digitally compressed, encrypted and beamed from very high power satellites. The programmes can be directly received at homes. This mode of reception facilitates the use of small receive dish antennas of 45 to 60 cm diameter installed at convenient location in individual buildings without needing elaborate foundation /space etc. Also, DTH transmission eliminates local cable operator completely, since an individual user is directly connected to the service providers. However, a digital receiver is needed to receive the multiplexed signals and view them on a TV. DTH, in sharp contrast to Cable TV, lends itself to easy monitoring and control.
Transmission in Ku band is most appropriate and widely used for the purpose. As mentioned above, all the encoded transmission signals are digital - thus providing higher resolution picture quality and better audio than traditional analog signals. All the advantages of the digital transmission, as applicable to the terrestrial transmission are relevant in the satellite transmission also.
Tata-Sky offers 58-channels to consumers at an introductory offer of Rs 200 per month. You will have to pay Rs 3,999 for hardware (set-top box and installation), and a monthly charge of Rs 200.Zee group's Dish TV offers its hardware and installation at Rs 3,000 (excluding taxes) and three months' free subscription. This Dish TV package of 75 channels costs Rs 180 per month.DTH providers justify the prices as it offers high quality transmission which makes TV viewing a pleasant experience. Dish TV also offers other packages. The second DTH operator is government-owned DD-Direct Plus. This comes at a one-time cost of Rs 2,000-2,500.
In DTH, TV channels would be transmitted from the satellite to a small dish antenna mounted on the window or rooftop of the subscriber's home. So the broadcaster directly connects to the user.DTH can also reach the remotest of areas since it does away with the intermediate step of a cable operator and the wires (cables) that come from the cable operator to your house.DTH offers better quality picture than cable TV. This is because cable TV in India is analog. Despite digital transmission and reception, the cable transmission is still analog. DTH offers stereophonic sound effects.Apart from enhanced picture quality, DTH has also allows for interactive TV services such as movie-on-demand, Internet access, video conferencing and e-mail. DTH will not be able to be an alternative to cable if the initial investment is more than that for cable. DTH requires initial investment for both a dish antenna and a TV-top box.

Watching television will no longer be the same again. Bad transmission quality, blackouts, disconnection of channels, high cable bills -- all these could soon be history.

Tuesday, October 9, 2007

Windows XP Tricks. Chapter 1

Here is some stuff in Windows XP which most people are not aware off. Initially I will be teaching you what is windows registry and how do you read and understand it.
The registry is the core of the operating system, i.e. if you know how to handle it you can control the whole computer system.

: I am assuming that you know how important windows registry is, cause if something wrong is done it might crash windows. Hence please create a backup of the files if you are a novice at this. For others I say PLAY ON.

Here’s how you open the windows registry editor.

1. Click on the start menu.
2. Go to run and type ‘regedit’ without the colons.
3. You will see a window open with the following options:


Now you may not understand anything of the above attributes because Microsoft has made it unreadable. They give such weird names to shun people from editing the registry.
The registry is basically made up of two main files, user.dat and system.dat. DO NOT TOUCH THESE.

In this first tutorial I am going to teach you how to modify some banal processes present in your system, some of which you can use to optimize your computer and others you can use to annoy your friend or arch-rival by implementing the changes in their computer.

Automatically Close Programs at Shutdown

When you shut down Windows, if you have any programs running you'll get a message box warning you that a program is still running. You then have to close the program and tell XP again to shut down. It's a fairly pointless warning—better yet would be if XP automatically killed the programs without issuing the warning. That way, you wouldn't get error messages and wouldn't have to close each individual application before shutting down your computer.
To have XP automatically close programs at shutdown, run the Registry Editor and go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop. Edit the AutoEndTasks key so that is has a value of 1. If the key doesn't exist, create it as a DWORD value and give it the value of 1. To disable it, either delete the key, or set the value to 0.

Disable XP Shutdown

There may be times when you want to make sure that XP can't be inadvertently shut down. You can use a Registry hack to disable the normal Shut Down. Run the Registry Editor and go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. Create a new DWORD value named NoClose with a data value of 1. Exit the Registry and reboot in order for the change to take effect. You won't be able to shut down Windows in the normal manner from now on; you'll have to run Task Manager by pressing Ctrl-Alt-Delete or right-clicking on the Toolbar, choosing Task Manager, and then using the Task Manager's Shut Down menu to close Windows. If you want to reenable normal shutdowns, delete the NoClose value.

Change the Names of the Registered User and Company

When you install XP or when it comes factory-fresh on a PC, a username and company name are entered as the owner of the system. And that's the way it stays, like it or not. But a Registry hack will let you change both. Run the Registry Editor, go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion, and look for the values RegisteredOwner and RegisteredOrganization. Edit their value data to whatever username and company name you want.

Change the Amount of Time Before Programs Time Out

When an application hangs and no longer responds, XP displays a dialog box that prompts you to kill the application or wait a while longer. By default, the dialog box appears after the application hasn't responded for five seconds.
This can cause problems. For example, if a program is doing heavy-duty calculations in the background, it won't respond until the calculation is done, so the operating system will report that the application is hung, even though it isn't. You can use a Registry hack to increase or decrease the amount of time it takes before XP reports that the program has hung.
Run the Registry Editor and go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop. Select the HungAppTimeout entry and edit it to input a new value, in milliseconds. The default is 5000. Exit the Registry. You may need to reboot for the new setting to take effect. Try increasing the number in increments of 1,000 until you find a number that works.

Disable the Disk Cleanup Warning

If your hard disk has what XP decides is too little space left on it, the operating system will pop up a warning and recommend that you run Disk Cleanup. But you may be like me and not want a virtual nanny nagging you to clean up your mess. You can turn off the warning with a Registry hack. Run the Registry Editor and go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. Create a DWORD value called NoLowDiskSpaceChecks and give it a value of 1. Exit the Registry and reboot. You can also do this by using TweakUI.
Change the Default Location for Installing Programs
XP uses the C:\Program Files directory as the default base directory into which new programs are installed. However, you can change the default installation drive and/or directory by using a Registry hack. Run the Registry Editor and go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion. Look for the value named ProgramFilesDir. By default, the value will be C:\Program Files. Edit the value to any valid drive or folder; XP will use that new location as the default installation directory for new programs.

Allow Laptops to Enter Power-Saving State (Increase the USB Polling Interval)

Some laptops' processors may not be able to enter their power-saving state, even when they're idle, because USB polling fools the processor into thinking that the laptop is active. Your system polls your USB ports once every millisecond to see whether a device is present. So, even if a device isn't present, it continues that polling. The problem is that some laptop processors won't go into their power-saving state because the constant polling makes it think that the laptop is active.
With a Registry hack, you can increase the polling interval from the default of one millisecond, letting the processor enter its power-saving state. Run the Registry Editor and go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{36FC9E60-C465-11CF-8056-444553540000}\0000. Create the new DWORD value IdleEnable and set the data value to a number between 2 and 5. This will set the polling interval, in milliseconds. If there are additional subkeys for HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{36FC9E60-C465-11CF-8056-444553540000} (such as 0001, 0002, etc.), repeat the procedure and create the IdleEnable DWORD in each of them. Exit the Registry. You may need to reboot for the new setting to go into effect. You also may need to try several different values until you find one that works.

Change the Size of Your Mouse and Keyboard Buffer

You sometimes may get an error message telling you that you have an overflow in your mouse buffer or keyboard buffer. When that happens, it means the buffer isn't large enough and you need to increase its size. To increase your mouse buffer, run the Registry Editor, go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Mouclass\Parameters, and find the MouseDataQueueSize subkey. The default setting is 100 (64 hex). Increase the decimal number to increase the size of the buffer; then exit the Registry and reboot. You may need to try several different settings until you find the right one.
To increase the keyboard buffer, look for the KeyboardDataQueueSize subkey in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Kbdclass\Parameters. The default setting is 100 (64 hex). Increase the number to increase the size of the buffer; then exit the Registry and reboot. Again, you may need to try several different settings until you find the right one

*If you have any kind of queries regarding windows XP they are welcome at

P.S People who are interested in hacking softwares but are not able to find it online can mail me with your request and I'll provide you with it.

Saturday, October 6, 2007

Chapter 2 Google Search made easy

Some useful google hacks or searching tips to make the search more efficient. Try em!!Operator Description Sample query

Legend of the table below:

S.No. "Command" what is does.


1. site restricts results to sites within the

specified domain fox will find all sites containing the

word fox, located within the * domain

2. intitle restricts results to documents whose

title contains the specified phrase

intitle:fox fire will find all sites with the word fox in the

title and fire in the text

3. allintitle restricts results to documents

whose title contains all the specified


allintitle:fox fire will find all sites with the words fox

and fire in the title, so it's equivalent to intitle:fox


4. inurl restricts results to sites whose URL

contains the specified phrase

inurl:fox fire will find all sites containing the word fire

in the text and fox in the URL

5. allinurl restricts results to sites whose URL

contains all the specified phrases

allinurl:fox fire will find all sites with the words fox

and fire in the URL, so it's equivalent to inurl:fox


6. filetype, ext restricts results to documents of the

specified type

filetype:pdf fire will return PDFs containing the word

fire, while filetype:xls fox will return Excel spreadsheets

with the word fox

7. numrange restricts results to documents containing

a number from the specified


numrange:1-100 fire will return sites containing a number

from 1 to 100 and the word fire. The same result can be

achieved with 1..100 fire

8. link restricts results to sites containing

links to the specified location will return documents containing

one or more links to

9. inanchor restricts results to sites containing

links with the specified phrase in

their descriptions

inanchor:fire will return documents with links whose

description contains the word fire (that's the actual link

text, not the URL indicated by the link)

10. allintext restricts results to documents containing

the specified phrase in the

text, but not in the title, link descriptions

or URLs

allintext:"fire fox" will return documents which contain

the phrase fire fox in their text only

11. + specifies that a phrase should occur

frequently in results

+fire will order results by the number of occurrences of

the word fire

12. - specifies that a phrase must not occur

in results

-fire will return documents that don't contain the word


13. "" delimiters for entire search phrases

(not single words)

"fire fox" will return documents containing the phrase

fire fox

14. . wildcard for a single character will return documents containing the phrases

fire fox, fireAfox, fire1fox, fire-fox etc.

15. * wildcard for a single word fire

* fox will return documents containing the phrases

fire the fox, fire in fox, fire or fox etc.

16. logical OR "fire fox"

firefox will return documents containing the

phrase fire fox or the word firefox